Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is classified as a functional gastrointestinal disorder. When tests such as colonoscopy are done, no obvious signs of a disease, such as ulcers or inflammation, are found. For this reason, IBS is often diagnosed only after other possible digestive disorders and diseases that cause pain or diarrhea have been ruled out.
IBS is often misdiagnosed or misnamed as colitis, mucous colitis, spastic colon, inflammatory bowel disease, or spastic colon. These are incorrect terms and they keep cropping up, even though IBS is now a recognized and treatable condition.
A bowel movement occurs when muscles in the bowel contract, and in most people, this is something that happens a few times a day. The theory is that for people with IBS, the muscles are more sensitive, and being exposed to certain foods or stresses can cause more contractions
Eating a salad or drinking a coffee may not have much of, or any, an effect on most people, but for a person with IBS, these things could cause symptoms such as pain, bloating, and diarrhea.
The symptoms of IBS can include:
- Mucus in the stool
Cramps are often relieved by a bowel movement, but some people with IBS may have cramps and be unable to pass anything. The severity of IBS symptoms varies and may be described as anything from a mild annoyance to debilitating.
Many people with IBS describe that symptoms frequently occur shortly after, or even during, meals. Fatty foods, alcohol, caffeine, and gas-producing foods (such as broccoli or beans) have regularly been things that are pinpointed as causing IBS symptoms.
However, it can be difficult for some people to track down which particular foods can trigger their IBS. Making the issue even more complicated, not every person with IBS will have symptoms after eating the same foods.
The range of triggers is unique to each person, although there are many triggers that are common among people with IBS. Symptoms can also come and go even after eating the same foods. Something that was fine to eat last week may start causing symptoms today—or the reverse.
Keeping a food and symptom diary is a good way to trace foods that lead to IBS symptoms. Starting with a bland diet of “safe foods” and gradually adding new food each day can also help in the search for specific food triggers. The food diary can then be discussed with a doctor or dietitian for help in treatment.
Common Trigger Foods in IBS
Foods that may trigger symptoms of IBS in some people include:
- Artificial sweeteners
- Artificial fat (Olestra)
- Carbonated beverages
- Coconut milk
- Coffee (even decaffeinated)
- Egg yolks
- Fried foods
- Poultry skin and dark meat
- Red meat
- Solid chocolate
Treatment for IBS can include changes to diet, lifestyle, stress reduction, and medications. Often, a combination of two or more of the above will help to provide the most relief. There is still much that is not understood about IBS, so it may take some time, and some experimentation with different therapies, to achieve good results.
Anti-spasmodic drugs or tranquilizers may be used to stop the over sensitivity of the muscles in the bowel. Stopping the spasms in the bowel can reduce pain and the feeling of urgency. Anti-diarrhea medications may also be used to slow down frequent, watery stools.4
For constipation, a doctor may prescribe laxatives or fiber supplements such as Metamucil. Laxatives can be habit-forming and should be used under the close supervision of a physician.
Fiber supplements help with both constipation and diarrhea. They bulk up the stool in cases of diarrhea, and also make it easier to pass in the case of constipation.
Eating enough fiber in the diet may also help some people with IBS to reduce their symptoms. Often there is some trial and error in finding the right types of fiber and how much to eat each day.
Smaller portions at mealtimes may help to prevent bloating and cramping. Instead of three large meals every day, five smaller meals may also help in reducing symptoms.
Eating a healthy diet, drinking plenty of water, and getting daily exercise is also helpful in reducing IBS symptoms. These changes can also contribute to an overall healthy lifestyle.
Relaxation training, in addition to medical therapy, can also help to reduce symptoms. It is important to note that stress is not the cause of IBS, but as with any disease or disorder, stress can cause the symptoms of IBS to worsen.
Source: Very Well Health / Image by katemangostar